Frizzled 3 is an important receptor in the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, a conserved signaling pathway that regulates gene expression and controls diverse developmental processes. However, the role of this protein during follicular development in the adult ovary is not known. The present study was designed to investigate the expression and localization of Frizzled 3 mRNA and protein during the estrous cycle in the mouse ovary through in situ hybridization (ISH), real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry and western blot.
We investigated the expression characteristics of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 in the ovaries of normal adult guinea pigs during the estrous cycle. The estrous cycle was classified according to the appearance of the vaginal orifice and by vaginal exfoliated cell smears. Guinea pigs that had experienced at least two normal estrous cycles were selected. Ovaries were collected from guinea pigs at proestrus or metestrus (N = 6).
The role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the regulation of mammalian reproduction has been demonstrated previously. However, only a few studies have assessed the role of miRNAs in the reproduction processes of sheep. The elucidation of miRNA expression profiles in the ovaries of different sheep breeds representing fecundity extremes will be useful in understanding the roles of miRNAs in sheep reproduction.