This study aimed to identify the proteins that are differentially expressed in sera of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, neuromyelitis optica (NMO) patients, and normal controls by using a two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) assay. Serum samples were collected from the 3 groups, and total proteins were isolated and quantified by using the Bradford assay. The 2-DE and silver staining were carried out, and the Image Master 2D Platinum 5.0 software was used to analyze the images.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immunological inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. The pathogenesis of MS is incompletely understood, but various studies have suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with the disease. Mitochondria are among the main cellular sources of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, and they play a pivotal role in many neuro-pathological conditions.