Mitochondria are closely associated with cell survival, and it is of interest to determine whether apoptosis pathways, which are mediated by mitochondria, are involved in liver regeneration (LR). To identify the mechanisms underlying mitochondria-mediated apoptosis during rat LR, we used the Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array to investigate changes in gene expression. Next, we searched the GO and NCBI databases for genes associated with apoptosis mediated by mitochondria, and QIAGEN and KEGG databases for any related signaling pathways.
The quality of RNA is crucial when performing microarray experiments. This is particularly important when dealing with preimplantation embryos, from which a minimum yield of RNA of good quality can be produced. We report the optimization of several RNA extraction methods applied to preimplantation embryos at different stages of development. The quality of the samples was confirmed using a microarray and reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis.
Sex reversal due to duplication of the Xp21 dosage-sensitive sex reversal locus results in XY females with gonadal dysgenesis. Pure Xp disomy (without a concurrent loss of genetic material) can occur by translocation or interstitial duplication. The case reported here is the rare form with a t(Xp;Yp). The combination of conventional clinical cytogenetic techniques, microsatellite analysis and high-density microarrays identified the X-chromosome breakpoint as centromeric of the NR0B1 gene and its control elements.