DNA methylation is an important component of the epigenetic machinery and plays a critical role in transcriptional regulation. It mostly occurs in CpG abundant regions, known as CpG islands (CGIs). G protein-coupled receptor 120 (GPR120) functions as an omega-3 fatty acid receptor and is involved in multiple-biological processes, including lipogenesis.
Mastitis is the most important disease in the global dairy industry, and causes large economic losses. Staphylococcus aureus is one of most common pathogens that cause bovine mastitis. CXCR1 has been implicated as a prospective genetic marker for mastitis resistance in dairy cows; CXCR1 expression significantly increases when cows have mastitis.
This study aimed to investigate cytosine methylation profiles in different tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) cultivars grown in China. Methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism was used to analyze genome-wide global methylation profiles in four tobacco cultivars (Yunyan 85, NC89, K326, and Yunyan 87). Amplicons with methylated C motifs were cloned by reamplified polymerase chain reaction, sequenced, and analyzed. The results show that geographical location had a greater effect on methylation patterns in the tobacco genome than did sampling time.
We investigated the correlation between 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene methylation and pre-eclampsia, and its clinical significance, by comparing methylation in the MTHFR gene promoter of the placenta and peripheral venous blood in pre-eclampsia and normal gravidas. We enrolled 259 gravidas from the People’s Liberation Army 202nd Hospital, China, between January 2011 and September 2011, including 127 pre-eclampsia and 132 normal gravidas.
High-resolution melting (HRM) is considered an inexpensive, rapid, and attractive methodology for methylation analysis. In the application of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to methylation analysis, amplification efficiencies are biased towards unmethylated, rather than methylated, templates: a phenomenon known as PCR bias. To overcome PCR bias, primers that include CpG site(s) and are fully complementary to the methylated sequence have been proposed.
We investigated the methylation state of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene promoter in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and analyzed its effect on tumor biology. We enrolled 120 patients with NSCLC who had been confirmed by pathologic diagnosis and had been operated on. The methylation states of the EGFR gene promoter were detected and analyzed and a prognosis was given. NSCLC cell lines and nude mice were used to study the treatment reactivity of gefitinib (an EGFR inhibitor) with or without 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR) intervention.