Paclitaxel (PTX) is a mitotic inhibitor widely used in chemotherapy for many types of cancers, including solid tumors and hematological malignancies. However, the molecular basis of the anti-proliferation activity of PTX is not fully understood. In this paper, we focused on the role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathways in PTX-induced apoptosis and proliferation inhibition.
We investigated the expression differences of the TEL-AML1 fusion gene in a leukemia glucocorticoid (GC)-sensitive cell line (CEM) and a GC-resistant cell line (Jurkat). Changes in TEL-AML1 expression before and after GC exposure were analyzed. Expression of GC-sensitive and GC-resistant leukemia cells following initial diagnosis and during treatment was simulated. Leukemia cells were divided into a GC-unexposed or a GC-exposed group.