To understand the effects of disease-resistant maize varieties and new cropping systems on the population of Curvularia lunata, 52 isolates of C. lunata were collected in China from 2011 to 2013. The isolates were analyzed in terms of phylogenetic relationships, morphology, and pathogenicity. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the 52 isolates clustered into 2 distinct clusters with further subdivisions, suggesting the emergence of new genetic divergence within C. lunata.
The genus Colletotrichum contains many important plant pathogens mainly distributed in tropical areas. Previous studies that utilized morphology or single genes have failed to resolve the phylogenetic relationships among the species. In this study, sequences of β-tubulin, 28S ribosomal DNA, and ITS region from nine species were analyzed separately and combined to establish a fast method to infer the phylogeny of Colletotrichum using maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference methods.
Brassicaceae is a large plant family of special interest; it includes many economically important crops, herbs, and ornamentals, as well as model organisms. The taxonomy of the Brassicaceae has long been controversial because of the poorly delimited generic boundaries and artificially circumscribed tribes.