The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of activated endothelial cells on the proliferation and secretion of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Cultured lung microvascular endothelial cells were treated with or without tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α; 10 ng/mL) for 6 h, and the supernatant was collected and filtered. The supernatant with TNF-α was called fluid A, and that without TNF-α was called fluid B.
Osteoarthritis is a chronic progressive degenerative joint disease characterized by age-related regressive change in articular cartilage. A single nucleotide polymorphism has been described at position -174 of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) promoter region, leading to three possible genotypes, GG, GC, and CC. We investigated a possible association of the IL-6 -174G/C gene polymorphism with knee osteoarthritis in a Thai population. Genotype distributions and allelic frequencies of the IL-6 -174G/C polymorphism were investigated in 115 knee osteoarthritis patients and 100 healthy controls.