The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and its subsets in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) patients. Peripheral blood samples of 20 IgAN patients and 20 healthy individuals of similar ages were analyzed. Levels of Tregs and its subsets, namely nTregs and iTregs, were analyzed using flow cytometry. The number of Tregs in IgAN patients was significantly lower than that in the healthy controls. While significant reduction in iTregs primarily contributed to this effect (P 0.05).
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy
In this study, we examined the effects of Tripterygium wilfordii glycosides (TWGs) on Th17 and regulatory T cells (Tregs) in an immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) rat model. IgAN model rats were randomly divided into the model group, TWG treatment group, and prednisone group. Normal rats were included as controls. There were 6 rats in each group. The urine protein levels and the number of red blood cells in urine were analyzed at 24 h. IgA deposition in renal tissue was detected by fluorescence microscopy.
We explored the relationship between rs1047763, a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the C1GALT1 gene, and genetic susceptibility to immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) in Xinjiang Uyghur people. The study comprised 90 patients with IgAN and 90 normal controls recruited from Uyghur people. The distribution of the rs1047763 polymorphism of C1GALT1 in each group was determined by direct sequencing analysis.