Brain damage caused by perinatal asphyxia is dangerous for neonatal infants, but the mechanism by which it occurs remains elusive. In this study, microRNA-152 (miR-152) expression was induced by low oxygen levels in rat models of hypoxia brain damage, as well as in human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) cultured in vitro. Analysis of the sequence of miR-152 revealed that the phosphatase and tensin homolog gene (PTEN) is probably the target of miR-152 both in humans and rats.
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) has a protective effect on acute injury of the heart, brain, and lung. However, its role in acute kidney injury (AKI) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of lyophilized recombinant human BNP (lrh-BNP) on AKI and the underlying molecular mechanisms. An experimental model for AKI was established using an ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) procedure. Healthy adult BALB/c mice were randomized to the sham, I/R, and lrh-BNP-treated post-I/R (BNP + I/R) groups.
We examined the protective effects of magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate (MgIG) on hypoxia-reoxygenation injury in rat liver cells. Rat liver cells in the logarithmic growth phase were divided into the hypoxia-reoxygenation injury model group and MgIG pretreatment group (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 mg/mL). After 24-h pretreatment, we detected the effects of MgIG on liver cell viability using the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay at 6-h hypoxia and 4-h reoxygenation.
We examined the relationship between chronic hypoxia and erectile dysfunction in rat and its possible pathogenic mechanism. Forty-eight white male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a test group and a control group. In accordance with the experimental time (2, 6, and 10 weeks), each group was divided into 3 subgroups, with 8 rats in each subgroup. Rats in the test group were fed in an airtight hypoxia cabin, while rats in the control group were maintained in a normal environment, with other conditions kept the same.
Hypoxia influences many physiological processes, such as respiration, cardiovascular, neurophysiology, and digestion. Skeletal muscle is an important motor organ, which relies on oxygen of oxidation; however, the study of hypoxia in skeletal muscle is lacking. In order to understand the effect of hypoxia on skeletal muscle, we determined the expression level of four hypoxia-related genes (ADAM17, ARG2, MMP, and HIF1A) in two distinct skeletal muscle tissues from Tibetan pigs that live at different altitudes (500 and 3650 m).