Hepatitis B virus
Hepatitis B virus genotype C (HBV/C) has the largest number of subgenotypes (C1-C16) that vary with geography and isolates. HBV/C prevails in Southeast Asia (C1, C5-C16), East Asia (C2), Oceania (C3), and Australia (C4). Suitable reference strains for different subgenotypes could greatly facilitate research into HBV/C, but unfortunately they are scarce. We retrieved 974 HBV/C full-length sequences from the GenBank database and subgenotyped them by phylogenetic analysis.
In addition to the host immune response, genetic and environmental factors play crucial roles in the manifestation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) -173G/C polymorphism (rs755622), located in the promoter region of MIF, may play integral roles in diverse processes, including the immune response. Thus, the MIF -173G/C polymorphism may influence the immune response to HBV during natural infection.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health problem worldwide. This virus and its hosts are often fated to continual co-evolutionary interactions. Codon usage analysis has significance for studies of co-evolution between viruses, their hosts, and mRNA translation.