Genetic factors play an important role in type 2 diabetes (T2D) complications. Alteration of cerebrovascular blood flow (CBF) is a direct result of cerebrovascular diseases. However, few studies have reported the role of genetics on CBF in patients with T2D. We investigated whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in metabolic disease genes are associated with CBF in patients with T2D. CBF velocities of CBF were measured in 337 Han Chinese patients with T2D using transcranial Doppler sonography, with 54 cerebrovascular blood flow parameters documented.