Genetic variability

Population structure and genetic diversity in Gynaikothrips uzeli (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae): is there a correlation between genetic and geographic proximity?

A. L. S. Mascarenhas, Waldschmidt, A. M., and Silva, Jr., J. C., Population structure and genetic diversity in Gynaikothrips uzeli (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae): is there a correlation between genetic and geographic proximity?, vol. 14, pp. 9793-9803, 2015.

Gynaikothrips uzeli (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) is a minuscule insect species, which forms galls, is subsocial, and parthenogenetic. It is associated with Ficus benjamina L. (Moraceae) and has a pantropical occurrence. The paucity of genetic studies on the order Thysanoptera led us to use inter-simple sequence repeat molecular marker to assess intra- and inter-gall, as well as intra- and inter-site, genetic variability and population structure of G. uzeli.

Genetic structure of natural populations of Theobroma in the Juruena National Park, Mato Grosso State, Brazil

B. M. Silva, Rossi, A. A. B., Dardengo, J. F. E., Silva, C. R., Silva, I. V., Silva, M. L., and Silva, C. J., Genetic structure of natural populations of Theobroma in the Juruena National Park, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, vol. 14, pp. 10365-10375, 2015.

Several species within the genus Theobroma have particularly high economic value, including T. cacao and T. grandiflorum. Other species in this genus, such as T. speciosum and T. subincanum, have potential value for use in the conservation of genetic diversity in breeding programs. These latter species could also be domesticated or improved to produce commercial products. Using 13 simple sequence repeat loci, the population structure and genetic diversity of T. speciosum and T.

Populations of Erythrina velutina Willd. at risk of extinction

M. F. V. Melo, Gonçalves, L. O., Rabbani, A. R. C., Álvares-Carvalho, S. V., Pinheiro, J. B., Zucchi, M. I., and Silva-Mann, R., Populations of Erythrina velutina Willd. at risk of extinction, vol. 14, pp. 10298-10307, 2015.

The goal of this study was to characterize the structure of two natural populations of the coral tree using RAPD and ISSR markers. The study evaluated all individuals in two different areas in the northeastern region of Brazil: the first was in the riparian area, 10 km x 100 m along the edge of the lower São Francisco River, and the second was in the municipality of Pinhão, in a semiarid region between the municipalities of Neópolis and Santana do São Francisco. We used all the coral trees present in those two areas (37 individuals).

Evaluation of microsatellite loci from libraries derived from the wild diploid 'Calcutta 4' and 'Ouro' banana cultivars

P. R. O. Silva, Jesus, O. N. J., Creste, S., Figueira, A., Amorim, E. P., and Ferreira, C. F., Evaluation of microsatellite loci from libraries derived from the wild diploid 'Calcutta 4' and 'Ouro' banana cultivars, vol. 14, pp. 11410-11428, 2015.

Microsatellite markers have been widely used in the quantification of genetic variability and for genetic breeding in Musa spp. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the discriminatory power of microsatellite markers derived from ‘Calcutta 4’ and ‘Ouro’ genomic libraries, and to analyze the genetic variability among 30 banana accessions. Thirty-eight markers were used: 15 from the ‘Ouro’ library and 23 from the ‘Calcutta 4’ library.

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