Fungi

Extracellular enzymatic profiles and taxonomic identification of endophytic fungi isolated from four plant species

R. N. Alberto, Costa, A. T., Polonio, J. C., Santos, M. S., Rhoden, S. A., Azevedo, J. L., Pamphile, J. A., Alberto, R. N., Costa, A. T., Polonio, J. C., Santos, M. S., Rhoden, S. A., Azevedo, J. L., and Pamphile, J. A., Extracellular enzymatic profiles and taxonomic identification of endophytic fungi isolated from four plant species, vol. 15, no. 4, p. -, 2016.

INTRODUCTION

Endophytic fungi exhibit complex interactions with their hosts. This fact has recently triggered several studies exploring their utilization as sources of novel bioactive natural products. Although the production of metabolites depends on several factors, fungi employ molecular pathways resulting in specific compounds. The products of these metabolic processes include important drugs such as penicillin and statins, and toxic substances such as aflatoxins (Keller et al., 2005).

Effect of karst rocky desertification on soil fungal communities in Southwest China

P. C. Wang, Mo, B. T., Chen, Y., Zeng, Q. F., Wang, L. B., Wang, P. C., Mo, B. T., Chen, Y., Zeng, Q. F., and Wang, L. B., Effect of karst rocky desertification on soil fungal communities in Southwest China, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

Karst mountainous ecosystems are associated with karst rocky desertification (KRD), which can greatly impact soil structure and function. Despite the importance of soil microbes as a major factor maintaining ecosystem stability, we know little about the effect on soil fungal communities of KRD in karst regions. We investigated this relationship across a gradient of KRD soils from Guizhou, China by polymerase chain reaction and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE).

Phylogenetic analysis of DNA and RNA polymerases from a Moniliophthora perniciosa mitochondrial plasmid reveals probable lateral gene transfer

B. S. Andrade and Góes-Neto, A., Phylogenetic analysis of DNA and RNA polymerases from a Moniliophthora perniciosa mitochondrial plasmid reveals probable lateral gene transfer, vol. 14, pp. 14105-14114, 2015.

The filamentous fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa is a hemibiotrophic basidiomycete that causes witches’ broom disease of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). Many fungal mitochondrial plasmids are DNA and RNA polymerase-encoding invertrons with terminal inverted repeats and 5'-linked proteins. The aim of this study was to carry out comparative and phylogenetic analyses of DNA and RNA polymerases for all known linear mitochondrial plasmids in fungi.

Exploring laccase genes from plant pathogen genomes: a bioinformatic approach

B. Z. Feng, Li, P. Q., Fu, L., and Yu, X. M., Exploring laccase genes from plant pathogen genomes: a bioinformatic approach, vol. 14, pp. 14019-14036, 2015.

To date, research on laccases has mostly been focused on plant and fungal laccases and their current use in biotechnological applications. In contrast, little is known about laccases from plant pathogens, although recent rapid progress in whole genome sequencing of an increasing number of organisms has facilitated their identification and ascertainment of their origins.

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