The tung tree (Vernicia fordii Hemsl.; Vf) has great potential as an industrial crop owning to its seed oil that has multiple uses. Diacylglycerol acyltransferases (DGATs) catalyze the last and most committed step of triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis. In order to examine the physiological role of the VfDGAT2 gene in the tung tree, we characterized its expression profiles in different tung tissues/organs and seeds at different developmental stages. Oil content and α-eleostearic acid production during seed development were also examined.