Croton antisyphiliticus Mart. is a medicinal plant native to Cerrado vegetation in Brazil, and it is popularly used to treat urogenital tract infections. The objective of the present study was to assess the genetic variability of natural C. antisyphiliticus populations using AFLP molecular markers. Accessions were collected in the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Goiás. The genotyping of individuals was performed using a LI-COR® DNA Analyzer 4300. The variability within populations was found to be greater than the variability between them.
The last few years have seen a significant increase in the number of large-scale sequencing projects generating whole genome databases. These sequence databases can be surveyed (genome sequence survey) for tandem repeats as an alternative means to develop microsatellites for monitoring and selecting natural populations and cultivars of Jatropha curcas. A total of 100 tandem repeats were revealed from mining 368 genomic surveyed sequences available in the Kazusa DNA Research Institute database.
We examined the stem anatomy of Manihot esculenta Crantz and its hybrid with M. oligantha Pax. Cross-sections were stained with safranin-alcian blue. Manihot esculenta and its hybrid were found to have the same vascular structure in bicollateral bundles with internal phloem, which has been associated with drought resistance in other plant groups. If this association is established for cassava, it would facilitate the selection of lines that are more adapted to arid regions. This is the first report of internal phloem in this genus.