The guinea pig is an excellent animal model for studying reproductive biology of adult humans and most domestic animals. Yet, whether this animal might serve as a good model for embryonic stage investigations and determinations of signals affecting or directing ovary development remains unknown. These questions were addressed by examining morphological evolution and the expression of biomarkers of cell proliferation and apoptosis in the ovaries of fetal and neonatal guinea pigs in the present study.
The testis-specific protein Y-encoded gene (TSPY) is a Y-specific gene present in variable copy number in many mammalian species, including cattle. We tested the applicability of the TSPY gene as a Y-specific marker to predict preimplantation embryo sex in Nelore (Bos indicus) cattle. Two blastomeres were removed from each embryo. A total of 36 single blastomeres and the remaining cells of their 18 matched in vitro conceived embryos were screened for TSPY amplification by nested-PCR.