Elymus L. is often planted in temperate and subtropical regions as forage. Species in the genus have 5 allopolyploid genomes that are found in the grass tribe Triticeae. To determine the phylogenetic relationships in Elymus species from western China, we estimated phylogenetic trees using sequences from the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences from 56 accessions (871 samples) of 9 polyploid Elymus species and 42 accessions from GenBank.
Epichloë endophytes are widely distributed mutualists of cool-season grasses and can protect their hosts against biotic and abiotic stresses. Previous studies have shown that Epichloë endophytes are specific to their grass hosts in tall Festuca and Lolium species. However, no systematic analysis exists of host specificity of asexual Epichloë endophytes and Chinese Elymus species.