We investigated the effect of autophagy on drug resistance of multiple myeloma (MM) to doxorubicin (DOX). A DOX-resistant MM cell line (RPMI8226/DOX) was developed by progressively increasing the DOX concentration gradient. The drug resistance index was determined using the MTT method. Transmission electron microscopy, anti-light chain 3-fluorescein isothiocyanate immunofluorescence, and Western blotting were used to detect autophagy of MM cells.
Marsdenia tenacissima extract (MTE) is a new plate-derived biotechnology product that is frequently used, but occasionally reported, in the field of chemotherapy. In this study, we assessed the antitumor activity and related mechanisms of MTE by various biotechnological methods. The survival rates of MG63 osteosarcoma cells treated with MTE and doxorubicin were measured, individually or jointly, and the changes in cellular shape, apoptotic rates, and Fas expression were observed.
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the rat neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) protein in reducing doxorubicin (DOX)-induced myocardial toxicity and its underlying mechanism. The prokaryotic expression of the NRG-1 protein and the CCK8-determined activity of rat primary myocardial cells were evaluated under different DOX concentrations. Myocardial cells were divided into three groups: the control group, the 5 μM DOX (DOX5) group, and the DOX5 + NRG-1 group.
The anticancer anthracyclines doxorubicin and daunorubicin are used to treat a variety of cancers in dogs. The therapeutic utility of anthracyclines is limited by cardiotoxicity in some cases. Synthesis of anthracycline alcohol metabolites by carbonyl reductase 1 (CBR1) is crucial for the pathogenesis of cardiotoxicity. We hypothesize that genetic polymorphisms in canine cbr1 contribute to the variable pharmacodynamics of anthracyclines in dogs. DNA sequence variants in canine cbr1 were investigated in DNA samples from dogs of seven breeds.
The search for new and effective antitumor agents with fewer cytotoxic side effects on normal tissue has increasingly become important. Lapachol, a natural organic compound isolated from the lapacho tree (Tabebuia avellandedae), is chemically identified as belonging to the naphthoquinone group and is known for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antibiotic properties, although there are questions about its effectiveness for treating neoplasic cells. We evaluated the antitumoral effects of lapachol by testing for clones of epithelial tumors in Drosophila melanogaster.
Caryocar brasiliense Camb. is a tree popularly known in Central Brazil as pequi. Its fruit contains carotenes, retinols, vitamin C, and polyphenols. These compounds possess antioxidant properties preventing excessive free radical formation and modulating the genotoxicity of physical and chemical agents in the body. However, at high concentrations these compounds can have recombinogenic and mutagenic effects, because they can act as pro-oxidants.
β-carotene (BC), pro-vitamin A, is an efficient antioxidant, effective in the neutralization of oxygen reactive species, which cause serious damage to DNA. Various studies have been conducted on the effectiveness of BC for chemoprevention of cancer and heart disease. Doxorubicin is a chemotherapeutic agent used for cancer treatment that generates free radicals. We examined the effects of BC (1, 2 and 4 mg/mL) on the genotoxicity of doxorubicin (0.125 mg/mL), using the wing spot test in Drosophila melanogaster (somatic mutation and recombination test).