Myeloid differentiation-2 (MD-2) is an essential component of the CD14-TLR4/MD-2 receptor complex involved in microbial cell wall component recognition during infection. Genetic variations in the MD-2 gene may influence human susceptibility to infectious diseases. To date, a predisposition of MD-2 gene variants to contract tuberculosis has not been reported. We investigated whether MD-2 gene polymorphisms were associated with the development of tuberculosis in a Chinese population.
Toll-interleukin 1 receptor (TIR) domain containing adaptor protein (TIRAP; also known as MAL) is an essential adaptor molecule in Toll-like receptor signaling, involved in activating the innate immune response during infection. Genetic variations in the TIRAP gene may influence human susceptibility to infectious disease. To date, in the Chinese population, a possible predisposition of TIRAP gene variants to tuberculosis has not been reported.