Diabetes mellitus

Roles of microRNA-221/222 in type 2 diabetic patients with post-menopausal breast cancer

M. Y. Li, Pan, S. R., Qiu, A. Y., Li, M. Y., Pan, S. R., and Qiu, A. Y., Roles of microRNA-221/222 in type 2 diabetic patients with post-menopausal breast cancer, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

The aim of the research was to examine the expression level of microRNA221/222 (miR-221/222) in the serum of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who are also diagnosed with post-menopausal breast cancer. We aimed to evaluate the differences in microRNA expression in patients with T2DM alone, patients with post-menopausal breast cancer alone, and patients with both T2DM and post-menopausal breast cancer.

Correlation between the decrease of cholesterol efflux from macrophages in patients with type II diabetes mellitus and down-regulated CYP7A1 expression

L. D. Bao, Li, C. Q., Peng, R., Ren, X. H., Ma, R. L., Wang, Y., and Lv, H. J., Correlation between the decrease of cholesterol efflux from macrophages in patients with type II diabetes mellitus and down-regulated CYP7A1 expression, vol. 14, pp. 8716-8724, 2015.

The purpose of this study was to examine the changes of cellular cholesterol efflux from macrophages in patients with type II diabetes mellitus (DM), and to determine the expression of CYP7A1, ABCG5, and LXRβ therein. We recruited 30 patients with type II DM (including 15 patients complicated with coronary heart disease and 15 patients with DM only) and 15 normal controls for this study. Peripheral blood monocytes were isolated for macrophage culture.

Association between the rs4753426 polymorphism in MTNR1B with fasting plasma glucose level and pancreatic β-cell function in gestational diabetes mellitus

Y. Zhan, Li, C., Gao, Q., Chen, J., Yu, S., and Liu, S. G., Association between the rs4753426 polymorphism in MTNR1B with fasting plasma glucose level and pancreatic β-cell function in gestational diabetes mellitus, vol. 14, pp. 8778-8785, 2015.

We investigated the association between rs4753426 single nucleotide polymorphisms in the melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B) gene and the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A total of 516 gravidas (186 with GDM and 330 non-diabetic controls) were enrolled in the study. Genotype and allele frequencies of rs4753426 in the MTNR1B gene were detected by DNA sequencing. Fasting plasma glucose and fasting insulin levels were measured to calculate the homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and for β-cell function.

MicroRNA profiling in cutaneous wounds of diabetic rats

Y. - F. Liu, Ding, M., Liu, D. - W., Liu, Y., Mao, Y. - G., and Peng, Y., MicroRNA profiling in cutaneous wounds of diabetic rats, vol. 14, pp. 9614-9625, 2015.

Despite years of effort, current therapies for diabetic wounds are still not fully efficacious. Emerging evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in multiple physiological and pathological processes in eukaryotes, and could potentially be powerful therapeutic tools. This study investigated the differential expression profiling of miRNAs in cutaneous wounds in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and normal rats, and its significance in diabetic wound healing.

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