Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor is markedly elevated in childhood hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening syndrome involving a final common pathway of hypercytokinemia, in which tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, and soluble interleukin 2-receptor-alpha (sIL-2Rα) are the key cytokines. Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) is an inflammatory cytokine involved in several inflammatory diseases. However, its role in HLH is unknown. In this study, we examined the role of PBEF in HLH. Plasma was collected from 22 children with HLH and 14 healthy children.