The mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) gene is one of the most popular markers used for molecular systematics. Fragments of this gene are often used to infer phylogenies, particularly the region near the 5'-end, which is used by the DNA Barcoding Consortium.
DNA barcoding is an effective method for identifying species by analyzing one or a few short standardized DNA sequences. In this study, we examined the utility of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) sequences as a DNA barcode for the identification of six species belonging to the genus Thryssa: T. dussumieri, T. hamiltonii, T. kammalensis, T. mystax, T. setirostris, and T. vitrirostris. We obtained an intraspecific distance of 0.000 for T. vitrirostris and T.