Non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) is a common birth defect. Several WNT genes are involved in craniofacial embryogenesis, and therefore may play an important role in the etiology of NSCL/P. Two SNPs (rs3809857 and rs9890413) in the WNT3 gene were subjected to case-control and case-parent analysis by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in 236 unrelated patients with NSCL/P, including 128 elementary families (185 mothers and 154 fathers), and 400 control individuals from northeast China.
Oral clefts are one of the most common birth defects in humans. However, few population-based studies of these defects have been carried out in Turkey. Our objective was to determine the registries of cases of cleft lip and palate. All cases of cleft lip and palate referred to central state hospitals in Denizli between January 2000 and May 2010 were investigated retrospectively. Anomalies were determined and classified according to the ICD-10 coding system.