The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between spicular signs on computed tomography (CT) scans and peripheral lung cancer (PLC) that is associated with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We analyzed clinical data from 96 PLC cases and grouped patients based on whether they had interstitial pneumonia into either ILD/COPD group or non-ILD/COPD group. The occurrence rate of spicule sign was 90.3% in the ILD/COPD group and 61.8% in the non-ILD/COPD group, respectively.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Vitamin D-binding protein (DBP), a highly polymorphic serum protein, encoded by GC gene, is important in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This meta-analysis was performed to assess the association between GC polymorphisms (1F, 1S, and 2 alleles) and COPD susceptibility. Published case-control studies were retrieved from the Pubmed, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. After data extraction, pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Seven case-control studies were included.
Studies examining the role of interleukin (IL)-1β -511C/T promoter polymorphism in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have shown inconsistent results. This meta-analysis was performed to assess the association between the IL-1β-511C/T promoter polymorphism and COPD susceptibility. Published case-control, cross-sectional, and cohort studies from Pubmed, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were retrieved. Data were extracted and pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.
The association between the TNF-α +489 G/A polymorphism and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains controversial because of small group size and varied design among different studies. In the present study, a meta-analysis was conducted to assess the association between the +489 G/A polymorphism and COPD risk. A comprehensive search was conducted to identify articles that have reported an association between the TNF-α +489 G/A polymorphism and COPD risk.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease characterized by persistent airflow limitation. Smoking, occupational exposures, air pollution, and genetics are all risk factors. In the present study, we detected the cytochrome P4501A1 gene (CYP1A1) MspI polymorphism and the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα)-308 single nucleotide polymorphism in COPD patients, and investigated their associations with smoking and COPD susceptibility in Inner Mongolia. A total of 101 COPD patients and 80 controls were enrolled in the study.
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and integrative genomic approaches have demonstrated significant associations between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and polymorphisms of the X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 5 gene (XRCC5) in non-Asian populations. We investigated whether XRCC5 polymorphisms might be associated with COPD susceptibility and COPD-related phenotypes in the Chinese Han population.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The purpose of our study was to uncover biomarkers and explore its pathogenic mechanisms at the molecular level. The gene expression profiles of COPD samples and normal controls were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. Matlab was used for data preprocessing and SAM4.0 was applied to determine the differentially expressed genes (DEGs).
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by progressive airflow obstruction that occurs as a result of the normal inflammatory process to protect against harmful irritants and chemicals. Another physiological regulatory process, the renin angiotensin system (RAS), plays an important role in the pathology of many diseases. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is a key enzyme of RAS. We investigated the frequency of the ACE gene I/D polymorphism in patients with COPD in Turkey.
Exhaled air carries information on human health status. Ion mobility spectrometers combined with a multi-capillary column (MCC/IMS) is a well-known technology for detecting volatile organic compounds (VOCs) within human breath. This technique is relatively inexpensive, robust and easy to use in every day practice. However, the potential of this methodology depends on successful application of computational approaches for finding relevant VOCs and classification of patients into disease-specific profile groups based on the detected VOCs.
An insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism was identified in intron 16 of the gene encoding the human angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE), a candidate gene for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We investigated the relationship between this polymorphism in the ACE gene and the risk of developing COPD. Sixty-six COPD in-patients and 40 non-smoking control individuals were recruited for this study. The distribution of ACE genotypes in these individuals was studied.