Chicken

Gene expression and enzyme activity of lipoprotein lipase correlate with intramuscular fat content in Guangxi san-huang and Arbor Acres chickens

Y. N. Huang, Wang, J., Chen, B. J., Jiang, Q. Y., Guo, Y. F., Lan, G. Q., Jiang, H. S., Huang, Y. N., Wang, J., Chen, B. J., Jiang, Q. Y., Guo, Y. F., Lan, G. Q., and Jiang, H. S., Gene expression and enzyme activity of lipoprotein lipase correlate with intramuscular fat content in Guangxi san-huang and Arbor Acres chickens, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme in lipid metabolism. This study investigated LPL gene expression, LPL enzyme activity, and the correlation of each with intramuscular fat (IMF) in Chinese Guangxi san-huang (GXSH) and Arbor Acres (AA) chickens. The results showed that age and breed had significant effects on LPL expression and enzyme activity.

Complete mitochondrial genome sequence and gene organization of Chinese indigenous chickens with phylogenetic considerations

F. P. Zhao, Fan, H. Y., Li, G. H., Zhang, B. K., Zhao, F. P., Fan, H. Y., Li, G. H., and Zhang, B. K., Complete mitochondrial genome sequence and gene organization of Chinese indigenous chickens with phylogenetic considerations, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

In this study, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial DNA of Chinese indigenous Jinhu Black-bone and Rugao chickens. The two chicken mitochondrial genomes were deposited in GenBank under accession Nos. KP742951 and KR347464, respectively. The complete mitochondrial genomes of Jinhu Black-bone and Rugao chickens were sequenced and found to span 16,785 and 16,786 bp, respectively, and consisted of 22 tRNA genes, two rRNA genes (12S rRNA and 16S rRNA), 13 protein-coding genes, and one control region (D-loop).

Assessment of correlation between pre-miRNA-1757 polymorphism and chicken performance traits

H. Li, Jiang, K. R., Wang, S. H., Liu, X. J., Kang, X. T., Jiang, R. R., Li, Z. J., and Sun, G. R., Assessment of correlation between pre-miRNA-1757 polymorphism and chicken performance traits, vol. 14, pp. 12184-12195, 2015.

Single nucleotide polymorphism in microRNAs (miRNA) may influence their target gene selection and regulation efficiency, leading to animal phenotypic variation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the miRNA-1757 gene precursor region (pre-mir-1757) on economic-related traits in chicken. Genotyping was performed using Sequenom MassArray® iPLEX GOLD System. Association analysis was performed using SPSS19.0.

Single nucleotide polymorphism screening, molecular characterization, and evolutionary aspects of chicken Piwi genes

H. Z. Wang, Ma, T., Chang, G. B., Wan, F., Liu, X. P., Lu, L., Xu, L., Chen, J., and Chen, G. H., Single nucleotide polymorphism screening, molecular characterization, and evolutionary aspects of chicken Piwi genes, vol. 14, pp. 14802-14810, 2015.

The P-element-induced wimpy testis (Piwi) gene is involved in germline stem cell self-renewal, meiosis, RNA silencing, and transcriptional regulation. Piwi genes are relatively well conserved in many species, but their function in poultry species is unclear. In this study, Piwi genes were sequenced using a target-sequence capture assay in quail and 28 breeds of chicken. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and evolutionary aspects of these chicken breeds were then analyzed.

Akirin2 expression in response to vaccine-induced immunity in chicken

C. L. Man, Mu, W. T., Chang, Y., and Zhao, D. X., Akirin2 expression in response to vaccine-induced immunity in chicken, vol. 14, pp. 17489-17495, 2015.

Akirin2 is a nuclear factor that plays an important role in the development and regulation of innate immune response. In this study, akirin2 gene expression in several primary immune organs (liver, thymus, and bursa) of Hi-Line Brown chicken administered with the LoSota vaccine was analyzed during the various stages of increase in Newcastle disease virus antibody titer. The results revealed that akirin2 expression was significantly higher in the liver (P

Polymorphisms in GJA1 and their association with growth traits in chicken

M. Shahjahan, Liu, R. R., Zhao, G. P., Zhang, J. J., Zheng, M. Q., Li, Q. H., and Wen, J., Polymorphisms in GJA1 and their association with growth traits in chicken, vol. 14, pp. 18839-18850, 2015.

This study aimed to screen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the chicken gap junction protein alpha 1 (GJA1) gene, and to investigate their association with five growth traits measured in 269 chickens encompassing Chinese indigenous Beijing-You (BJY) and commercial Cobb broiler (CB) populations. Four variants were detected in the chicken GJA1 gene, in which one synonymous mutation was located in an exon (C61223231T or c.-1110 C>T), two in an intron (A61229799C or c.5460 A>C, T61229928A or c.5589 T>A) and one in the promoter (A61230599C or c.

Effects of sex and age on chicken TBC1D1 gene mRNA expression

Y. D. Peng, Xu, H. Y., Ye, F., Lan, X., Peng, X., Rustempašić, A., Yin, H. D., Zhao, X. L., Liu, Y. P., Zhu, Q., and Wang, Y., Effects of sex and age on chicken TBC1D1 gene mRNA expression, vol. 14, pp. 7704-7714, 2015.

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of sex and slaughter age of chickens on fatty acid composition and TBC1D1 gene expression in 4 different tissues: breast muscle, thigh muscle, abdominal fat, and subcutaneous fat. Sixty Erlang mountainous chickens (hybrid SD02 x SD03) were raised under the same conditions and slaughtered at 8, 10, and 13 weeks of age.

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