Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is an important pro-apoptotic cytokine, which performs a broad range of immune and inflammatory functions in several vital processes. TNF-α-induced apoptosis has been confirmed, however, relatively little is known regarding the role of forkhead box class-O 1 (FOXO1) in mediating TNF-α-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer. In our study, we used the well-characterized cervical cancer cell line C-33A to investigate the role of FOXO1.
We investigated the association between bacterial vaginosis (BV) and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in Papanicolaou smears in a Brazilian population. Cross-sectional analysis was performed on 673 samples collected from women attending public health centers in Olinda (PE, Brazil) by conventional cytology methodology and molecular analysis, PCR tests (GP5+/6+ and MY09/11). Cytological abnormalities, BV, and HPV-DNA were detected in 23 (3.4%) samples, 189 samples (28.1%), and 210 samples (31.2%), respectively.