The diversity of endophytic bacteria in the sand-fixation plant Caragana microphylla was investigated by amplified rDNA restriction analysis and by sequence and phylogenetic comparisons of the 16S rRNA genes. A total of 24, 19, and 17 operational taxonomic units were identified from 16S rDNA libraries of the plant roots, stems and leaves, respectively. Homology analysis revealed a 92-100% identity of bacterial 16S rDNA sequences compared with those in the GenBank database.
Rhizobia are soil bacteria with the capacity to induce nitrogen-fixing nodules on the roots or stems of legume plants. A total of 40 bacterial isolates from the root nodules of Caragana microphylla growing in desert soil in Ningxia, China, were analyzed for genetic diversity and phylogenetic position. These isolates were classified into 7 types of 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.