We investigated the roles of CD3McAb and rhIL-2 activated bone marrow in the killing and purging of leukemia cells. Cytotoxicity of activated bone marrow was detected with MTT assay. CFU-GM level in activated bone marrow and the destruction of leukemia cells were measured using the semi-solid cell culture. Immune activation markers in activated bone marrow were detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay. Bone marrow activated by CD3McAb and rhIL-2 displayed significantly upregulated the killing and purging abilities on the leukemia cell line K562 and HL-60.