Balanced reciprocal translocation at amniocentesis: cytogenetic detection and implications for genetic counseling
Balanced translocation is a common structural chromosomal rearrangement in humans. Carriers can be phenotypically normal but have an increased risk of pregnancy loss, fetal death, and the transmission of chromosomal abnormalities to their offspring. Existing prenatal screening technologies and diagnostic procedures fail to detect balanced translocation, so genetic counseling for carriers remains a challenge. Here, we report the characteristics of chromosomal reciprocal translocation in 3807 amniocentesis cases.
Translocation breakpoints of chromosome 1 in male carriers: clinical features and implications for genetic counseling
Reciprocal translocation is closely associated with male infertility and recurrent miscarriages. Balanced reciprocal translocations associated with reproductive failures are predominantly observed on chromosome 1. Additionally, infertile male patients present a number of breakpoints throughout chromosome 1. A translocation breakpoint might interrupt the structure of an important gene, leading to male infertility. Here, we report the breakpoints on chromosome 1 translocation and the clinical features presented in carriers, to enable informed genetic counseling of these patients.
Male carriers of balanced reciprocal translocations in Northeast China: sperm count, reproductive performance, and genetic counseling
Balanced chromosomal translocations in men can cause failure of spermatogenesis owing to meiotic impairment. Male carriers may exhibit normozoospermia, although clinical manifestations can include oligozoospermia or azoospermia, oligozoospermia or normozoospermia. Here, we reported the characteristics of balanced reciprocal translocations in men from northeastern China, and explored the relationship between sperm count and reproductive performance, to enable informed genetic counseling. The frequency of balanced reciprocal translocations was found to be 1.62%.