We investigated the association between the interleukin 4 gene (IL-4) -590C>T polymorphism and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) values, immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels, and susceptibility to asthma in Uighur children. IL-4 -590C>T frequencies were analyzed in 38 bronchial asthmatic patients and 35 non-asthmatic controls. Polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing were applied to determine the residue at position -590 of IL-4.
This study aimed to investigate the role of M3 acetylcholine receptor (M3-AChR) expression in airway remodeling. Additionally, we aimed to evaluate the effects of ipratropium bromide solution inhaled in an early phase of asthma on airway remodeling in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized and challenged mice. Thirty BALB/c mice were divided into three groups, namely, control group (saline sensitized/challenged mice), asthma group (OVA sensitized/challenged mice), and treatment group (OVA sensitized/challenged mice treated by ipratropium bromide).