We investigated the effect of propofol on the proliferation and viability of rat embryonic neural stem cells (rENSCs) and the potential mechanisms involved. rENSCs were isolated and cultured in vitro and treated with 1, 10, or 50 μM propofol, while the control group was treated with 0.1 μM dimethyl sulfoxide. The effect of propofol on the proliferation and viability of rENSCs was examined by proliferation and apoptosis assays. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was employed to analyze the mRNA expression of checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) and p53 in rENSCs exposed to propofol.
Liver cancers are characterized by high morbidity and mortality owing to few effective drugs for its treatment. Wilfortrine has several pharmacological effects, including an inhibitory effect on liver cancer cell proliferation. However, whether wilfortrine can induce liver cancer cell apoptosis has not been elucidated. We investigated the role of wilfortrine on liver cancer cell HepG2 apoptosis and analyzed its possible mechanisms to provide a theoretical basis for clinical analysis of liver cancer pathogenesis. The liver cancer cell line HepG2 was treated with 40 mM wilfortrine for 48 h.