In recent years, Brazil has been ranked first in the production and consumption of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) (FAO, 2015). Black beans are the second most consumed type of bean in Brazil, representing 17% of the consumer market and corresponding to approximately 490,000 tons/year (Del Peloso and Melo, 2005). Together, the Central and Center-South regions of Brazil are responsible for 84% of Brazil’s bean production (Pontes Junior et al., 2014).
Seed cotton yield is a trait governed by multiple genes that cause changes in the performance of genotypes depending on the cultivation environment. Breeding programs examine the genotype x environment interaction (GE) using precise statistical methods, such as AMMI (additive main effects and multiplicative interaction) and GGE biplot (genotype main effects + genotype x environment interaction). The AMMI method combines the analysis of variance and principal components, to adjust the main effects (genotypes and environments) and the effects of GE interaction, respectively.
We evaluated the phenotypic and genotypic stability and adaptability of hybrids using the additive main effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) and genotype x genotype-environment interaction (GGE) biplot models. Starting with 10 single-cross hybrids, a complete diallel was done, resulting in 45 double-cross hybrids that were appraised in 15 locations in Southeast, Center-West and Northeast Brazil.