Our study determines the resistance gene profile of a set of Acinetobacter baumannii hospital isolates. A. baumannii is responsible for nosocomial outbreaks and sporadic infections. We extracted and PCR amplified bacterial DNA isolated from patients with ages below 60 years (23.36%) and above 60 years (76.64%). Most of the patients were admitted in the ICU (36.13%) and pneumology departments (28.47%). Of 164 isolated strains, 16 (9.75%) contained OXA-51, 8 (4.88%) contained OXA-58, and 140 (85.37%) contained both OXA-51 and OXA-23.
The phages of Acinetobacter baumannii has drawn increasing attention because of the multi-drug resistance of A. baumanni. The aim of this study was to sequence Acinetobacter baumannii phage AB3 and conduct bioinformatic analysis to lay a foundation for genome remodeling and phage therapy. We isolated and sequenced A. baumannii phage AB3 and attempted to annotate and analyze its genome. The results showed that the genome is a double-stranded DNA with a total length of 31,185 base pairs (bp) and 97 open reading frames greater than 100 bp.
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism underlying the drug resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii toward aminoglycosides. A total of 32 A. baumannii strains were identified by molecular identification and subsequently isolated. The isolates were then amplified by polymerase chain reaction to analyze the 9 aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme genes and 7 16S rRNA methylase genes. Five types of aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme genes and 1 type of 16S rRNA methylase gene were detected in the 32 drug-resistant A. baumannii strains.
The aim of this study was to investigate the existence of a β-lactamase gene in a group of multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Twenty strains of multi-drug resistant A. baumannii were isolated. Thirty-four β-lactamase genes and the ISaba1-OXA-23 linkage were analyzed in these strains by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and verified by DNA sequencing. Three kinds of β-lactamase genes (TEM, ADC, and OXA-23) were identified, among which the sequence of strain No.
We examined the distribution of genes of aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes and 16S rRNA methylases in multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii to explore the association of these genes with drug resistance. Strains isolated from clinical specimens were screened using an automatic microbial identification system, and 9 aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme and 6 16S rRNA methylase genes were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction and verified by DNA sequencing.