Saline stress is one of the primary factors limiting increased rice productivity in the southern region of Brazil. Farming can be affected by salinity that is due to both the origin of the soils as well as the irrigation water. Lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) have many physiological functions, including in the response to saline stress. Therefore, the objective of this study was to quantify the relative expression of 11 genetic isoforms that encode LTP1-type proteins in rice genotypes tolerant and sensitive to saline stress in the vegetative period.
The MYB-domain proteins exist universally across diverse organisms and regulate numerous processes during the plant life cycle. In the present research, a full-length MYB gene OsMYB511 was identified from rice seedlings through microarray data. Induction of OsMYB511 by cold stress was dramatic in japonica cultivar Jiucaiqing as compared to indica IR26.
Plants exposed to certain abiotic stress conditions tend to produce the amino acid proline, which acts as an active osmolyte, a metal chelator, an antioxidant, and a signaling molecule. There is increasing evidence that proline accumulates in plants due to a wide range of abiotic stress, in particular high soil salinity and drought. Therefore, proline content is often used as a marker-assisted breeding tool aimed at improving drought and salinity tolerance.