Research Article

SETD5 gene variant associated with mild intellectual disability - a case report.

Published: May 25, 2017
Genet. Mol. Res. 16(2): gmr16029615 DOI: 10.4238/gmr16029615


The recent advent of exome sequencing has allowed for the identification of pathogenic gene variants responsible for a variety of diseases that were previously clinically diagnosed, with no underlying molecular etiology. Among these conditions, intellectual disability is a prevalent heterogeneous condition, presenting itself in a large spectrum of intensity, in some cases associated with congenital malformations, behavioral and various other intellectual development alterations. Here we report on a 36-year-old male patient, with a mild intellectual disability that remained undiagnosed at the molecular level for all his life. Using Nextera Exome Sequencing, a Chr3:9.517.294 A>AC (c.3848_3849insC) SETD5 gene insertion was found. This rare variant was classified as likely pathogenic due to its frameshift nature in the gene, in which loss-of-function mutations have been previously reported to cause intellectual disability, as well as a 3p25.3 microdeletion phenotype. It is possible that this variant shows partial activity, due to its gene localization, which would explain the patient's mild phenotype when compared with other reports.

About the Authors