Risk Factors for Hypertension in Vietnam
Hypertension (or high blood pressure) is a common problem throughout the world, including Vietnam, especially for people over 65. This pathology has various contributing risk factors. Understanding them can help in hypertension awareness, treatment, and control, especially in low-income countries. To help provide more useful information for our population, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 166 randomly-selected patients at Military Hospital 121 in CanTho City, Vietnam. The objective was to identify risk factors that influence hypertension development and progression. These included less than 150 minutes per week of physical activity, low consumption of fruits and vegetables), high body mass index (obesity), and diabetes or chronic kidney disease. We combined the most relevant factors into a risk score. A linear increase in the predicted risk of hypertension with each additional risk factor was detected. Women have a higher level of the predicted prevalence of hypertension (75%). In men, this point was 25%. The evaluated patients' average age was 60 years. We concluded that obese, little plant product consumption, inactive lifestyle, and diabetes development contributed most to hypertension risk in the Vietnam population. Most such risk factors can be corrected by prevention strategies.