Research Article

RFLP-PCR is more efficient than ARMS-PCR for identifying CYP2C19*2 polymorphism in atherosclerotic patients

Abstract

The CYP2C19*2 polymorphism is the result of a point mutation leading to an alternative splicing defect, generating an enzyme with a reduced function. The enzyme CYP2C19 is responsible for the activation of the prodrug Clopidogrel and the loss of its function leads to an increase in platelet aggregation. We compared the ARMS-PCR (Amplification Refraction Mutation System) and RFLP-PCR (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) to determine which of the techniques was more efficient for identifying the CYP2C19*2 polymorphism. We analyzed 200 samples from patients with atherosclerosis and 100 samples from a control group, free from the disease. The polymorphic allele was not observed in any of the samples analyzed by the ARMS-PCR technique, but was present in more than 70% of the samples when analyzed by RFLP-PCR. Thus, RFLP-PCR generated more satisfactory results for the analysis of CYP2C19*2 polymorphism, and it should be used, despite the lower cost of ARMS-PCR, as the latter did not detect this polymorphism. 

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