Protective role of +294 T/C (rs2016520) polymorphism of PPARD in Mexican patients with colorectal cancer.
PPARD encodes for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta, which plays a significant role in controlling lipid metabolism, atherosclerosis, inflammation, cancer growth, progression, and apoptosis. Accumulated evidence suggests that the polymorphism rs2016520 in PPARD is associated with lipid metabolism, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to determine whether the single nucleotide polymorphism +294T/C (rs2016520) in PPARD is associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Mexican population. Genomic DNA from 178 CRC patients and 97 healthy blood donors was analyzed. The polymorphism was identified by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Results demonstrated that patients with the T/C genotype for the +294T/C (rs2016520) polymorphism present a protective role against CRC [odds ratio (OR) = 0.39; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.22-0.69; P = 0.0008]. This association was also evident for the T/C genotype in the stratified analysis by tumor-node-metastasis stages I+II (OR = 0.26, P = 0.0332) and III+IV (OR = 0.44, P = 0.0067). However, in the stratified analysis by tumor location, we observed an increased risk of rectal cancer (OR = 7.57, P = 0.0403) vs colon cancer (OR = 4.87, P = 0.234) in patients carrying the C/C genotype and under the dominant and recessive models of inheritance. In conclusion, for the first time, the association between the +294T/C (rs2016520) polymorphism and colorectal cancer has been studied in Mexican patients. Our results reveal that variations in PPARD may play a significant role in genetic susceptibility to colorectal cancer.