CADM1 mRNA expression and clinicopathological significance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissue.
The mRNA expression of cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) and its clinicopathological significance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues were investigated. CADM1 mRNA and protein expression were detected in tissue samples from 50 patients with ESCC by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and streptavidin-peroxidase (SP) immunohistochemistry; adjacent tissues served as controls. The average CADM1 mRNA expression was significantly downregulated in the cancer tissues (0.522 ± 0.247) than in the controls (0.871 ± 0.192), (t = 7.882, P < 0.05). CADM1 mRNA expression was significantly downregulated in ESCC patients with positive lymph node metastasis than in those with negative lymph node metastasis (t = 3.207, P < 0.05). There was a correlation between CADM1 mRNA expression and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (t = 2.673, P < 0.050), but not with age, gender, and histological grade (P > 0.05). The positive expression rate of CADM1 protein in the 50 cases of ESCC was significantly lower than that of the control group (χ = 29.87, P < 0.01). Out of 28 patients with non-lymph node metastasis, 20 (71.43%) positively expressed CADM1; out of 22 patients with lymph node metastasis, only 7 (31.82%) positively expressed CADM1. There was a significant difference in the positive protein expression rates of CADM1 between the two groups (χ = 7.782, P < 0.01). CADM1 mRNA expression was highly upregulated in normal tissues compared to ESCC tissues, indicating that the loss of CADM1 expression influenced the pathogenesis, invasion, and metastasis of ESCC, and allowing for the prognosis of the disease in patients with ESCC after treatment.