Association between interleukin-17 gene polymorphisms and the risk of laryngeal cancer in a Chinese population.
IL-17 is associated with the occurrence and development of laryngeal cancer. However, no study has reported the association between IL-17 polymorphisms and laryngeal cancer susceptibility. Therefore, we analyzed the association of three polymorphism loci (rs2275913, 197 G/A; rs3748067, 383 A/G; and rs763780, 7488 T/C) of IL-17A and IL-17F with laryngeal cancer in the Chinese population. A case-control study was performed with 325 patients and 325 controls. Polymorphisms were detected by polymerase chain reaction and sequencing methods. SPSS17.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Allele and genotype frequencies of IL-17A rs2275913 were significantly different between patients and controls (P < 0.05). Frequencies of rs2275913 (197 G/A) AA and GA+AA genotypes compared to the GG genotype were significantly higher in patients than in controls, indicating the association of these genes with laryngeal cancer susceptibility; adjusted OR values were 2.54 (1.50-4.23) and 1.62 (1.19-2.17), respectively. Furthermore, individuals with the GA+AA genotype, compared to the GG genotype, aged ≤60 years, with smoking and alcohol consumption habits, and without a family history of cancer showed a higher cancer risk (OR = 2.74, 95%CI = 1.41-5.23; OR = 2.11, 95%CI = 1.21-3.55; OR = 1.91, 95%CI = 1.02-3.70; OR = 1.99, 95%CI = 1.08-3.39, respectively). In conclusion, the rs2275913 IL-17A (197 G/A) is associated with the incidence and development of laryngeal cancer in the Chinese population, and the AA and GA+AA genotypes harbor a high laryngeal cancer risk.