Allele frequencies in Azuay Population in Ecuador.
One hundred and eighty-two samples of unrelated people who requested the paternity test at the Molecular Biology and Genetics Laboratory of the Catholic University of Cuenca-Ecuador in the province of Azuay were studied, except for the D1S1656 (180 samples) and SE33 (89 samples) markers. The STRs D22S1045, D3S1358, VWA, D16S539, D2S1338, D8S1179, D21S11, D18S51, D19S433, TH01, FGA, D1S1656, D12S391, D10S1248, D2S441, and SE33 were typed from blood samples, amplifying the DNA by polymerase chain reactions and electrophoresis. The allele frequencies were estimated by simple counting and the impartial heterozygosity was also calculated. The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium theory was studied. In the results obtained with the analyzed markers, the largest number of alleles can be observed in the markers with the highest polymorphic information content (PIC): D21S11, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, D18S51, FGA, D1S1656, and D12S391. In addition, SE33 was analyzed in certain samples, showing as result a high PIC, in fact, the highest one because of its great polymorphisc characteristic. Likewise, these markers are the ones providing the highest probability of discrimination and the lowest probability of coincidence.