Case Report

Molecular characterisation of a der(Y)t(Xp;Yp) with Xp functional disomy and sex reversal

Published: September 14, 2010
Genet. Mol. Res. 9 (3) : 1815-1823 DOI: 10.4238/vol9-3gmr896

Abstract

Sex reversal due to duplication of the Xp21 dosage-sensitive sex reversal locus results in XY females with gonadal dysgenesis. Pure Xp disomy (without a concurrent loss of genetic material) can occur by translocation or interstitial duplication. The case reported here is the rare form with a t(Xp;Yp). The combination of conventional clinical cytogenetic techniques, microsatellite analysis and high-density microarrays identified the X-chromosome breakpoint as centromeric of the NR0B1 gene and its control elements. Cytogenetics and array technology complemented each other in characterizing the translocation event and the extent of the dosage-sensitive sex reversal critical region on the derivative Y-chromosome. The implications of this analysis also lie in genetic counseling that highlight the likely de novo nature of a paternal meiotic event.

Sex reversal due to duplication of the Xp21 dosage-sensitive sex reversal locus results in XY females with gonadal dysgenesis. Pure Xp disomy (without a concurrent loss of genetic material) can occur by translocation or interstitial duplication. The case reported here is the rare form with a t(Xp;Yp). The combination of conventional clinical cytogenetic techniques, microsatellite analysis and high-density microarrays identified the X-chromosome breakpoint as centromeric of the NR0B1 gene and its control elements. Cytogenetics and array technology complemented each other in characterizing the translocation event and the extent of the dosage-sensitive sex reversal critical region on the derivative Y-chromosome. The implications of this analysis also lie in genetic counseling that highlight the likely de novo nature of a paternal meiotic event.