Research Article

Phylogenetic relationships among Saccharum clones in Pakistan revealed by RAPD markers

Published: August 24, 2010
Genet. Mol. Res. 9 (3) : 1673-1682 DOI: 10.4238/vol9-3gmr903

Abstract

Forty sugarcane genotypes (clones), including elite lines, commercial cultivars of Saccharum officinarum and S. barberi clones, were fingerprinted with 30 RAPD markers, using a PCR-based marker assay. The genetic distance for RAPD data was determined according to Nei, and relationships between accessions were graphed in a dendrogram. Genetic distance values ranging from 16.2 to 86.3% were observed among the 40 sugarcane accessions. The lowest genetic distance was found between genotypes US-406 and US-186. These two genotypes differed from each other in only 25 bands with 15 different primers. Genotypes Col-54 and CP-72-2086 were the second most similar group, with a genetic distance of 19.46%. The most dissimilar of all the accessions were CP-77-400 and US-133, with a genetic distance of 86.3%. RAPD fingerprints help sugarcane breeders clarify the genetic pedigree of commercial sugarcane varieties and can be used to evaluate the efficiency of conventional breeding methods.

Forty sugarcane genotypes (clones), including elite lines, commercial cultivars of Saccharum officinarum and S. barberi clones, were fingerprinted with 30 RAPD markers, using a PCR-based marker assay. The genetic distance for RAPD data was determined according to Nei, and relationships between accessions were graphed in a dendrogram. Genetic distance values ranging from 16.2 to 86.3% were observed among the 40 sugarcane accessions. The lowest genetic distance was found between genotypes US-406 and US-186. These two genotypes differed from each other in only 25 bands with 15 different primers. Genotypes Col-54 and CP-72-2086 were the second most similar group, with a genetic distance of 19.46%. The most dissimilar of all the accessions were CP-77-400 and US-133, with a genetic distance of 86.3%. RAPD fingerprints help sugarcane breeders clarify the genetic pedigree of commercial sugarcane varieties and can be used to evaluate the efficiency of conventional breeding methods.