Methodology

Comparison of three methods of DNA extraction from peripheral blood mononuclear cells and lung fragments of equines

Abstract

We compared three different protocols for DNA extraction from horse peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and lung fragments, determining average final DNA concentration, purity, percentage of PCR amplification using β-actin, and cost. Thirty-four samples from PBMC, and 33 samples from lung fragments were submitted to DNA extraction by three different protocols. Protocol A consisted of a phenol-chloroform and isoamylic alcohol extraction, Protocol B used alkaline extraction with NaOH, and Protocol C used the DNAzol® reagent kit. Protocol A was the best option for DNA extraction from lung fragments, producing high DNA concentrations, with high sensitivity in PCR amplification (100%), followed by Protocols C and B. On the other hand, for PBMC samples, Protocol B gave the highest sensitivity in PCR amplification (100%), followed by Protocols C and A. We conclude that Protocol A should be used for PCR diagnosis from lung fragment samples, while Protocol B should be used for PBMC.

We compared three different protocols for DNA extraction from horse peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and lung fragments, determining average final DNA concentration, purity, percentage of PCR amplification using β-actin, and cost. Thirty-four samples from PBMC, and 33 samples from lung fragments were submitted to DNA extraction by three different protocols. Protocol A consisted of a phenol-chloroform and isoamylic alcohol extraction, Protocol B used alkaline extraction with NaOH, and Protocol C used the DNAzol® reagent kit. Protocol A was the best option for DNA extraction from lung fragments, producing high DNA concentrations, with high sensitivity in PCR amplification (100%), followed by Protocols C and B. On the other hand, for PBMC samples, Protocol B gave the highest sensitivity in PCR amplification (100%), followed by Protocols C and A. We conclude that Protocol A should be used for PCR diagnosis from lung fragment samples, while Protocol B should be used for PBMC.