Research Article

TP53 Pro47Ser and Arg72Pro polymorphisms and colorectal cancer predisposition in an ethnic Kashmiri population

Published: April 13, 2010
Genet. Mol. Res. 9 (2) : 651-660 DOI: 10.4238/vol9-2gmr751

Abstract

Two TP53 gene polymorphisms at codon 47 (TP53 Pro47Ser) and at codon 72 (TP53 Arg72Pro) have been associated with susceptibility to various cancers. We carried out a case-control study and examined the genotype distribution of TP53 Pro47Ser and Arg72Pro single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), using a PCR-RFLP approach, to determine if these two SNPs are risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC) development and to look for a possible correlation of these two SNPs with clinicopathological variables of CRC. We investigated the genotype distribution of these SNPs in 86 CRC cases in comparison with 160 healthy subjects in an ethnic Kashmiri population. TP53 Arg72Pro SNP genotype frequencies differed significantly (P = 0.000001) between the groups; the frequency of the Pro/Pro mutant was almost 20% in the general population. We also found significant association of the Pro/Pro mutant with tumor location, nodal status/higher tumor grade and bleeding per rectum/constipation. We conclude that Arg72Pro SNP is associated with susceptibility to developing CRC in this ethnic Kashmiri population.

Two TP53 gene polymorphisms at codon 47 (TP53 Pro47Ser) and at codon 72 (TP53 Arg72Pro) have been associated with susceptibility to various cancers. We carried out a case-control study and examined the genotype distribution of TP53 Pro47Ser and Arg72Pro single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), using a PCR-RFLP approach, to determine if these two SNPs are risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC) development and to look for a possible correlation of these two SNPs with clinicopathological variables of CRC. We investigated the genotype distribution of these SNPs in 86 CRC cases in comparison with 160 healthy subjects in an ethnic Kashmiri population. TP53 Arg72Pro SNP genotype frequencies differed significantly (P = 0.000001) between the groups; the frequency of the Pro/Pro mutant was almost 20% in the general population. We also found significant association of the Pro/Pro mutant with tumor location, nodal status/higher tumor grade and bleeding per rectum/constipation. We conclude that Arg72Pro SNP is associated with susceptibility to developing CRC in this ethnic Kashmiri population.