Research Article

Expression profile analysis of ascorbic acid-related genes in response to temperature stress in the tea plant, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze

Published: October 05, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(4): gmr8756 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15048756
Cite this Article:
(2016). Expression profile analysis of ascorbic acid-related genes in response to temperature stress in the tea plant, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze. Genet. Mol. Res. 15(4): gmr8756. https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15048756
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Abstract

Ascorbic acid (AsA), also known as ascorbate or vitamin C, is a natural organic compound in green plants that has antioxidant properties, and is an essential nutrient for humans. The tea plant, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze, is an important global economic crop. Here, the expression profiles of genes related to AsA biosynthesis and recycling were analyzed in tea plants in response to temperature stress. Eighteen genes involved in AsA biosynthesis and recycling pathways were identified based on the transcriptome database. The expression levels of CsPGI1 in two varieties of tea plants (‘Yingshuang’ and ‘Huangjinya’) increased, peaked at 4 h, and then decreased in response to cold stress. In ‘Yingshuang’, the genes involved in AsA biosynthesis pathway rapidly responded to heat stress and substantially increased their expression levels at 1 h. The expression levels of CsMDHAR, CsDHAR1, and CsDHAR2 increased sharply at 1 h in response to heat stress in ‘Yingshuang’. In contrast, the expression levels of CsMDHAR, CsDHAR1, and CsDHAR2 in ‘Huangjinya’ gradually increased during heat treatment from 1 to 24 h. The expression trends of two DHAR isoforms differed in ‘Huangjinya’ during cold stress. The expression patterns of AsA-related genes differed in the different tea plant varieties and depended on temperature. The genes involved in AsA biosynthesis and recycling pathways were induced by heat and cold stress. Our study provides useful data with which to improve the resistance of tea plants to cold and heat stress.

Ascorbic acid (AsA), also known as ascorbate or vitamin C, is a natural organic compound in green plants that has antioxidant properties, and is an essential nutrient for humans. The tea plant, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze, is an important global economic crop. Here, the expression profiles of genes related to AsA biosynthesis and recycling were analyzed in tea plants in response to temperature stress. Eighteen genes involved in AsA biosynthesis and recycling pathways were identified based on the transcriptome database. The expression levels of CsPGI1 in two varieties of tea plants (‘Yingshuang’ and ‘Huangjinya’) increased, peaked at 4 h, and then decreased in response to cold stress. In ‘Yingshuang’, the genes involved in AsA biosynthesis pathway rapidly responded to heat stress and substantially increased their expression levels at 1 h. The expression levels of CsMDHAR, CsDHAR1, and CsDHAR2 increased sharply at 1 h in response to heat stress in ‘Yingshuang’. In contrast, the expression levels of CsMDHAR, CsDHAR1, and CsDHAR2 in ‘Huangjinya’ gradually increased during heat treatment from 1 to 24 h. The expression trends of two DHAR isoforms differed in ‘Huangjinya’ during cold stress. The expression patterns of AsA-related genes differed in the different tea plant varieties and depended on temperature. The genes involved in AsA biosynthesis and recycling pathways were induced by heat and cold stress. Our study provides useful data with which to improve the resistance of tea plants to cold and heat stress.