Research Article

Investigating the association between XRCC1 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to gastric cancer

Published: September 09, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(3): gmr8342 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15038342
Cite this Article:
(2016). Investigating the association between XRCC1 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to gastric cancer. Genet. Mol. Res. 15(3): gmr8342. https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15038342
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Abstract

We carried out a hospital-based case-control study to investigate the role of XRCC1 gene Arg399Gln, Arg280His, and Arg194Trp polymorphisms in susceptibility to gastric cancer. A total of 214 gastric cancer patients and 247 control subjects were recruited between March 2013 and March 2015, and polymorphism genotype frequencies were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Using the chi-square test, we detected statistically significant differences in age (chi-square = 22.25, P XRCC1 Arg194Trp TT genotype conferred increased susceptibility to gastric cancer compared to the CC genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 2.38, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.28-4.49]. Moreover, individuals carrying the T allele of this variant were found to be at moderately increased risk of this disease (OR = 1.56, 95%CI = 1.16-2.09). However, the XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg280His polymorphisms were shown to have no influence on the development of gastric cancer. In conclusion, we suggest that the XRCC1 gene Arg194Trp polymorphism is associated with gastric cancer susceptibility in the Chinese population.

We carried out a hospital-based case-control study to investigate the role of XRCC1 gene Arg399Gln, Arg280His, and Arg194Trp polymorphisms in susceptibility to gastric cancer. A total of 214 gastric cancer patients and 247 control subjects were recruited between March 2013 and March 2015, and polymorphism genotype frequencies were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Using the chi-square test, we detected statistically significant differences in age (chi-square = 22.25, P XRCC1 Arg194Trp TT genotype conferred increased susceptibility to gastric cancer compared to the CC genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 2.38, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.28-4.49]. Moreover, individuals carrying the T allele of this variant were found to be at moderately increased risk of this disease (OR = 1.56, 95%CI = 1.16-2.09). However, the XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg280His polymorphisms were shown to have no influence on the development of gastric cancer. In conclusion, we suggest that the XRCC1 gene Arg194Trp polymorphism is associated with gastric cancer susceptibility in the Chinese population.