Research Article

Roles of ERα and ERβ in estrogen-induced DDP chemoresistance in non-small cell lung cancer

Published: August 30, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(3): gmr8995 DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15038995

Abstract

The role of estrogen in inducing chemoresistance is not yet fully understood. The objective of this study was to observe the relationship between estrogen levels and cellular response to chemotherapeutic drugs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to reveal the potential mechanisms involved. Cell viability was analyzed after pre-treating NSCLC cells with different levels of estrogen (E2), followed by treatment with an anti-tumor drug for 48 h. The roles of various estrogen receptors (ERs) were examined in vitro by blocking the activity of each ER individually. The ER pathway was further confirmed in NSCLC tissues. It was found that 10-1000 nM E2 resulted in a decreased cellular response to DDP in H1650 cells compared to the use of cisplatin alone (P

The role of estrogen in inducing chemoresistance is not yet fully understood. The objective of this study was to observe the relationship between estrogen levels and cellular response to chemotherapeutic drugs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to reveal the potential mechanisms involved. Cell viability was analyzed after pre-treating NSCLC cells with different levels of estrogen (E2), followed by treatment with an anti-tumor drug for 48 h. The roles of various estrogen receptors (ERs) were examined in vitro by blocking the activity of each ER individually. The ER pathway was further confirmed in NSCLC tissues. It was found that 10-1000 nM E2 resulted in a decreased cellular response to DDP in H1650 cells compared to the use of cisplatin alone (P

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