Research Article

Frequency of the S65C mutation in the hemochromatosis gene in Brazil

Published: July 14, 2009
Genet. Mol. Res. 8 (3) : 794-798 DOI: 10.4238/vol8-3gmr562

Abstract

Development of hereditary hemochromatosis is asso­ciated with the C282Y, H63D or S65C mutations in the hemochro­matosis gene. Though there is extensive knowledge about the former two, there is little information on the mechanism of action and the allelic frequency of the S65C mutation. We examined the prevalence of the S65C mutation of the hemochromatosis gene in Brazilians with clinical suspicion of hereditary hemochromatosis. Genotyping for this mutation was carried out in 633 individuals with clinical suspicion of hereditary hemochromatosis, using the polymerase chain reaction, followed by enzymatic digestion. The sample comprised 77.1% men and 22.9% women, giving a ratio of approximately 3:1; the mean age was 48.8 + 13.8 years. More than half (57.3%) of the individuals in the sample were 41 to 60 years old. The frequency of heterozygotes for this mutation was 0.016; no homozygous mutant patients were found. This is the first analysis of the S65C mutation in individuals suspected of having hereditary hemochromatosis in Brazil.

Development of hereditary hemochromatosis is asso­ciated with the C282Y, H63D or S65C mutations in the hemochro­matosis gene. Though there is extensive knowledge about the former two, there is little information on the mechanism of action and the allelic frequency of the S65C mutation. We examined the prevalence of the S65C mutation of the hemochromatosis gene in Brazilians with clinical suspicion of hereditary hemochromatosis. Genotyping for this mutation was carried out in 633 individuals with clinical suspicion of hereditary hemochromatosis, using the polymerase chain reaction, followed by enzymatic digestion. The sample comprised 77.1% men and 22.9% women, giving a ratio of approximately 3:1; the mean age was 48.8 + 13.8 years. More than half (57.3%) of the individuals in the sample were 41 to 60 years old. The frequency of heterozygotes for this mutation was 0.016; no homozygous mutant patients were found. This is the first analysis of the S65C mutation in individuals suspected of having hereditary hemochromatosis in Brazil.