Research Article

Comparison of methods to preserve Rheum palmatum (Polygonaceae) for efficient DNA extraction and PCR amplification

Published: August 19, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(3): gmr8019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15038019
Cite this Article:
(2016). Comparison of methods to preserve Rheum palmatum (Polygonaceae) for efficient DNA extraction and PCR amplification. Genet. Mol. Res. 15(3): gmr8019. https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15038019
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Abstract

In this study, we compared the quality of DNA extracted using the modified CTAB method, from Rheum palmatum leaves preserved using fourteen different methods, including ones used commonly in other species: under ultra-cold (-80°C) temperatures, after drying with an absorbent paper, desiccating using a silica gel, drying at 60°C, in 70% ethanol, absolute ethanol, 70% ethanol supplemented with 50 mM EDTA, SDS-DNA extracting solution, nuclear separation buffer, improved NaCl-CTAB solution, TE-buffer, I-solution, or II-solution. DNA extracted from fresh leaves was used as the control. The quality of extracted DNA was evaluated based on the success of PCR amplification of the ITS2 region and a microsatellite marker. DNA was not extracted from samples preserved in the nuclear separation buffer and II-solution. The purities of DNA extracted from leaves preserved in ultra-cold temperatures, 70% ethanol, and 70% ethanol with 50 mM EDTA, and after desiccating using a silica gel and drying were higher, and comparable to the purity of DNA extracted from fresh leaves, than those of leaves preserved using other methods. In the present study, combined with the PCR amplifications, the preservation using ultra-cold temperatures, silica gel desiccation, or drying, and PCR amplification of the extracted DNA can be used for further molecular studies in R. palmatum.

In this study, we compared the quality of DNA extracted using the modified CTAB method, from Rheum palmatum leaves preserved using fourteen different methods, including ones used commonly in other species: under ultra-cold (-80°C) temperatures, after drying with an absorbent paper, desiccating using a silica gel, drying at 60°C, in 70% ethanol, absolute ethanol, 70% ethanol supplemented with 50 mM EDTA, SDS-DNA extracting solution, nuclear separation buffer, improved NaCl-CTAB solution, TE-buffer, I-solution, or II-solution. DNA extracted from fresh leaves was used as the control. The quality of extracted DNA was evaluated based on the success of PCR amplification of the ITS2 region and a microsatellite marker. DNA was not extracted from samples preserved in the nuclear separation buffer and II-solution. The purities of DNA extracted from leaves preserved in ultra-cold temperatures, 70% ethanol, and 70% ethanol with 50 mM EDTA, and after desiccating using a silica gel and drying were higher, and comparable to the purity of DNA extracted from fresh leaves, than those of leaves preserved using other methods. In the present study, combined with the PCR amplifications, the preservation using ultra-cold temperatures, silica gel desiccation, or drying, and PCR amplification of the extracted DNA can be used for further molecular studies in R. palmatum.

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